Literature & Links

Educational handouts are a part of the package whenever KST Associates is contracted to conduct a clinical seminar or make a presentation at a professional conference. Handouts provide basic information on how to incorporate family sculpting within your level of practice as well as bibliographic references.

KST Associates has published English-language manuals as guides to application of the Kvebæk Sculpture technique, particularly in assessment and treatment, since 1995. The current manual, Guide to using the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique (KST),  Julie L. Thorsheim, MSW, LICSW. KST Associates (2005), is available in paperback or CD-ROM.

Here is a compilation of Key Literature Resources:

  • Berry, J. T., Hurley, J. H., & Worthington, E. L. (1990). Empirical validity of the Kvebæk Family Sculpture Technique. American Journal of Family Therapy, 18, 19-31.
  • Botelho, R. J., Shields, C. G., & Novak, S. J. (1992). Using the Kvebæk board for brief systems consultation: A teaching technique for preceptor-resident encounters. Family Systems Medicine, 10, 91-97.
  • Boverie, P. E. (1991). Human systems consultant: Using family therapy in organizations. Family Therapy, 18, 61-71.
  • Bowen, M. (1978). Family therapy in clinical practice. New York: Jason Aronson.
  • Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 22-26.
  • Bruner, J. (1990). Acts of meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Cobb, Cathron L. H., (1996). Adolescent-parent attachments and family problem-solving styles. Family Process, 35, 57-82.
  • Constantine, L. L. (1978). Family sculpture and relationship mapping techniques. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 4, 13-23.
  • Cowger, C. D. (1992). Assessment of client strengths. In D. Saleebey (Ed.), The strengths perspective in social work practice. New York: Longman, 139-147.
  • Cromwell, R. E., Fournier, D., & Kvebæk, D. (1980). The Kvebæk Family Sculpture Technique: A diagnostic and research tool in family therapy. Jonesboro Tennessee: Pilgrimage Press.
  • Cromwell, R. E., & Keeney, B. P. (1979). Diagnosing marital and family systems: A training model. The Family Coordinator, 28, 101-108.
  • Cromwell, R. E., Olson, D. H. & Fournier, D. G. (1976). Tools and techniques for diagnosis and evaluation in marital and family therapy. Family Process, 15, 1-49.
  • Cromwell, R. E. & Peterson, G. W. (1983). Multisystem-multimethod family assessment in clinical contexts. Family Process, 22, 147-163.
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  • De Jong, P. & Miller, S. (1995). How to interview for client strengths. Social Work, 40, 729-736.
  • de Shazer, S. (1991). Putting difference to work. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • de Shazer, S., Berg, I. K., Lipchik, E., Numally, E., Molnar, A., Gingerich, W. C., & Weiner-Davis, M. (1986). Brief therapy: Focused solution development. Family Process, 25, 202-221.
  • Eckblad, G. & Vandvik, I. H. (1992). A computerized scoring procedure for the Kvebæk Family Sculpture Technique applied to families of children with rheumatic diseases. Family Process, 31, 85-98.
  • Gehring, T. M., & Feldman, S. S. (1988). Adolescents’ perceptions of family cohesion and power: a methodological study of the Family System Test. Journal of Adolescent Research, 3, 33-52.
  • Gehring, T. M., & Marti, D. (1993). The architecture of family structures: Toward a spatial concept for measuring cohesion and hierarchy. Family Process, 32, 135-139.
  • Gehring, T. M., & Schultheiss, R. B. (1987). Spatial representation and assessment of family relationships. American Journal of Family Therapy, 15, 261-264.
  • Gehring, T. M., & Wenzel, K. R., Feldman, S. S., & Munson, J. (1990). Conflict in families of adolescents: the impact on cohesion and power structures. Journal of Family Psychology, 3, 290-309.
  • Gehring, T. M., & Wyler, I. D. (1986). Family System Test (FAST): A three dimensional approach to investigate family relationships. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 16, 235-248.
  • Gerber, G. W. and Kaswan, J. (1971). Expression of emotion through family grouping schemata, distance, and interpersonal focus. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychiatry, 36, 370-377.
  • Guttmann, J. and Rosenberg, M. (2003). Emotional intimacy and children’s adjustment: A comparison between single-parent divorced and intact families. Educational Psychology, 23 (4), 457-472.
  • Haley, J. (1976). Problem-solving therapy. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  • Hardeng, S. (1998). Agora Nettverks – Skulpturering. Olso: Diakonhjemmets Sosialhogskole.
  • Hardeng, S., & Thorsheim, J. L. (1995). Guide to using the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique (KST). Northfield Minnesota: KST Associates.
  • Jefferson, C. (1978). Some notes on the use of family sculpture in therapy. Family Process, 17, 69-76.
  • Keyes, M. F. (1984). The family clay sculpture. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 11, 25-28.
  • Kvebæk, D. (1973). Skulpturtesten. First appeared as a report at Modum Bads Nervesanatorium, Vikersund, Norway. Published 1992, Oslo: Aventura Forlag.
  • Kvebæk, D. (1986). Ditt rom i mitt hus (Your room in my house). Theories about inner objects. Olso: Aventura Forlag; revised, 1991. Third edition, 1994.) An accompanying workbook by the same name was published by Aventura in 1986; a study guide has also been printed: Studiehefte: “Ditt rom i mitt hus”.
  • Laird, J. (1989). Women and stories. In M. McGoldrick, C. Anderson, & F. Walsh (Eds.), Women in families: A framework for family therapy, 429-449. New York: W.W. Norton.
  • Marti, D, & Gehring, T. M. (1992). Is there a relationship between children’s mental disorders and their ideal family constructs? Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 31, 490-494.
  • Minuchin, S. (1974). Families and family therapy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • McGoldrick, M. & Gerson, R. (1985). Genograms in family assessment. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Nøvik, T.S. & Solem, M-B. (2003). Family distance matters. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry; 8 (2): 261-271.
  • Olson, D. H. (1993). Circumplex model of marital and family systems. In F. Walsh (Ed.) Normal Family Processes. New York: Guilford Press, 104-137.
  • Olson, D. H. (1986). Circumplex model VII: Validation studies and FACES III. Family Process, 25, 337-351.
  • Olson, D. H. (Ed.). (1996). Treating relationships. Lake Mills Iowa: Graphic Press.
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  • Olivieri, M .E. & Reiss, D. (1982). Families’ schemata of social relationships. Family Process, 21, 295-311.
  • Papp, P. (1976). Family choreography. In P. Guerin (Ed.) Family therapy: Theory and practice. New York: Gardner Press.
  • Papp, P. & Imber-Black, E. (1996). Family themes: transmission and transformation. Family Process, 35, (1), 5-20.
  • Papp, P., Silverstein, O., & Carter, E. (1973). Family sculpting in preventive work with “˜well families.’ Family Process, 12,197-212.
  • Perkins, Michael R., MSW, LCSW (1999). An Introduction to Family Sculpting. The New Social Worker, August, 1999.
  • Reiss, D., Costell, R., Berkman, H., & Jones, C. (1980). How one family perceives another: The relationship between social constructions and problem-solving competence. Family Process, 19, 239-256.
  • Russell, C. S. (1980). A methodological study of family cohesion and adaptability. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 6, 459-470.
  • Saleebey, D. (1994). Culture, theory, and narrative: The intersection of meanings in practice. Social Work, 39, 351-359.
  • Satir, V. (1967). Conjoint family therapy. Palo Alto: Science and Behavior Books.
  • Schmid, K. D., Rosenthal, S. L. & Brown, E. D. (1988). A comparison of self-report measures of two family dimensions: Control & cohesion. American Journal of Family Therapy, 16, 73-77.
  • Simon, R. M. (1972). Sculpting the family. Family Process, 11, 49-57.
  • Sluzki, C. E. (1983). Process, structure and worldviews: Toward an integrated view of systemic models in family therapy. Family Process, 22: 469-476.
  • Solem, M-B, & Nøvik, T. S. (1995). Informants’ experience with the Kvebæk Family Sculpture Technique: A comparison between a clinical and an epidemiological sample. Nordisk Journal of Psychiatry, 49, 439-445. Oslo. ISSN 0803-9488.
  • Stierlin, H. (1974). Separating parents and adolescents. New York: Quadrangle.
  • Thorsheim, H. & Roberts, B. (1984). Metaperspectives: The systems approach and its vision. Seaside California: Intersystems Publications.
  • Thorsheim, J. L. & Hardeng, S. (1996, 1997). Guide to using the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique (KST). Northfield Minnesota: KST Associatesâ„¢.
  • Thorsheim, J. L. (2000). More ideas to help clients tell their story; Manual for The Family Therapy Toolkit–the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique. Northfield Minnesota: KST Associatesâ„¢.
  • Thorsheim, J. L. (2001). Guide to Using the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique. Revised and enlarged, September 2001. Northfield Minnesota: KST Associatesâ„¢.
  • Thorsheim, J. L. (2002). Guide to Using the Kvebæk Sculpture Technique (KST) in Family Sculpture. Powerful tool for assessment and treatment of individuals, families and other systems. Northfield Minnesota: KST Associatesâ„¢.
  • Tonti, R. (1991). Teaching family systems therapy to social work students. Journal of Independent Social Work Practice. 5, 41-51.
  • Vandvik, I. H., & Eckblad, G. F. (1993). FACES III and the Kvebæk Family Sculpture Technique as measures of cohesion and closeness. Family Process, 32, 221-233.
  • Watzlawick, P. (1978). The language of change: Elements of therapeutic communication. New York: Basic Books.
  • Whitaker, C. & Keith, D. (1981). Symbolic-experiential family therapy. In Gurman & Kniskern (Eds.). Handbook of Family Therapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel, 187-225.
  • White, M. & Epston, D. (1990). Narrative means to therapeutic ends. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Wood, B. (1985). Proximity and hierarchy: Orthogonal dimensions of family interconnectedness. Family Process, 24, 487-507.
  • Wood, B. & Talmon, M. (1983). Family boundaries in transition: A search for alternatives. Family Process, 22, 347-357.
  • Woods, M. D., & Martin, D. (1984). The work of Virginia Satir: Understanding her theory and technique. American Journal of Family Therapy, 12, 3-11.
  • Wynne, L. C. (1988). An overview of the state of the art: What should be expected in current family therapy research. In L.C. Wynne (Ed.), The state of the art in family therapy research: Controversies and recommendations. New York: Family Process Press, 249-266.
  • Young, D. W. (1994). Family images of adolescents: clinical application of an empirical method. Family Therapy, 21, 117-127.